Red Campion Stitchwort And Grasses

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 RED CAMPION Also known as Adders' Flower, Bachelor's buttons, Billy buttons, Bird's eye, Bob Robin, Cuckoo flower, Devil's flower, Gipsy-flower, Red Jack, Robin flower, Robin Hood, Robin redbreast, Robin-in-the-hedge, Jack-by-the-Hedge, and many more.

  BELONGS to the Pink Family of plants

  LOOKS LIKE - Deep pink flowers on upright stems. Grows to about 36 inches (90cm).

  HAS FLOWERS FROM May to June

  CAN BE SPOTTED - Usually found in hedgerows and on the edges of woodland on rich soils but does establish itself on the screes and cliffs on mountains. Is present throughout Britain, Most of Europe, West Asia and North Africa.

  STORY - In folklore it has been associated with snakes, devils, goblins and death. In some places it was believed that picking campion would cause your parents death. Where scorpions were a problem it offered some protection against their stings, throwing the plant at a scorpion was thought to render the creature harmless.

  REPRODUCTION -  Each plant has flowers of one sex only so two plants are needed to make seed. They both have no scent.
A similar plant White Campion, when growing alongside Red, can produce pink flowers. It often hybridises with parent strains and all shades of colour, red through pink to pure white are present.

  NAME - The drunken, merry god of the woodlands, Silenus, of Greek mythology gave it the botanical name of 'Silene'. Dioica, the second part of it's botanical name means 'two houses' referring to the fact that two plants, male and female are needed to make seed.

  USES FROM THE PAST - Some references to it's use against cancer and also the crushed seed was used for snake bites and corns and warts. The root can be used as a soap substitute for washing clothes, etc.

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